Abortion إسقاط - إجها ض - الحمل

Abortion إسقاط - إجها ض - الحمل

 

\"Dirham(23mm
Dirham(23mm 3.98 gm)coins from Jurjan(c.368H) issued by the Ziyarids,an Iranian dynasty that ruled in the Caspian sea provinces of Jurjan (modern Gorgan) and Mazandaran from 928-1043CE

There is no difference among the four schools in the opinion that if abortion after the elapse of four months of pregnancy, by any means, by the woman herself (with the help of medicines, or by some other means), or, caused to her by another (even if it is by the husband), such as, for instance, a hit on the stomach (or at some other part of the body), or the woman intentionally left hungry, or prevented from taking medicine essential for the continuation of pregnancy, or an intentionally created fearful noise, or some shocking words (such as, playful announcement of false news of death of a dear one), or verbal threat of violence (even if it involves no action), whether – in all such cases - the intention is miscarriage or not, entails sins and bloodwit, which is (whether child arrives dead, or dies after birth), one-half of one-tenth of the full bloodwit amount of an adult of the same class (free, slave, dhimmi, etc.), that is, five percent – paid to the deserving.

 
الموسوعَة الفِقْهِية الكُوَيْتية
Source: The article on abortion in the Encyclopedia of Judaism states the following:

Source: The article on abortion in the Encyclopedia of Judaism states the following:

Traditional interpretation of Halajhah… defines full human life as existing only when the head of an infant emerges from the womb.The fetus is considered “potential life” and has sacred value, but complete human status begins only with actual birth. Rashi,the great 12th-century commentator on the Hebrew Bible … states clearly that the fetus is not a person. The Talmud contains the expression “ubar yerech imo—the fetus is ‘as the thigh of its mother.’ In other words, the fetus is deemed to be part and parcel of the pregnant woman’s body. . . the Talmud (Yevamot 69b) states that ‘the embryo is considered to be mere water until the 40th day, ..(Facts On File, Inc. New York NY 10001).