Abdullah Zahir (1680-1748 CE) عبدالله ظاهر

Abdullah Zahir (1680-1748 CE) عبدالله ظاهر

The First Printing Press for Arabic language constructed by Abdullah Zahir in 1734 at Mar Yohanna Monastery in Shuwair,
The First Printing Press for Arabic language constructed by Abdullah Zahir in 1734 at Mar Yohanna Monastery in Shuwair,

Christian, goldsmith, printer, lecturer, polemicist, deacon; b. Aleppo, Syria, 1680; d. monastery of Mar Hanna, Shuwair, Lebanon, Aug. 20, 1748. He was well educated in classical Arabic, philosophy, theology, and church history. Persecuted in Aleppo (by Melkite Christians, since `Abdallah, (although himself a Melkie: Ed.), “championed the Catholic cause” (The Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science, p. 58), he finally settled in the monastery of Mar Hanna ... His greatest achievement was the construction of one of the very first printing presses for the Arabic Language in the Orient, between 1723 and 1726.. The purpose was to provide apologetic, instructional, and liturgical literature for Eastern Christians (accordingly, the earliest published works were Christian religious literature in Arabic: Ed.). L. MALOUF (Source: Catholic Encyclopedia, Second Edition, 2003, Published by the Gale Group, Inc., a division of Thomson Learning, Inc.)