Abd AL Qadir Jilani (470-561 H/1077-1166) عبد القادر جيلاني
One of the most celebrated Sufis in Islam. `Abd al-Qadir is the founder of the Qadiriyyah Order of Sufis. He was born in the region of Jilan in Persia but lived in Baghdad, where his tomb stands today. A legend relates that when `Abd al-Qadir’s mother sent him to Baghdad, she enjoined him to be always truthful. She sewed gold pieces into his coat as a provision for his religious studies. When his band of fellow-travelers was waylaid by the high-way robbers, he was asked - his poor appearance offering no promise of gain - if he had any money on him. To the astonishment of the robbers, he told them the truth about the hidden gold. `Abd al-Qadir told the puzzled robber-chief that he despaired of attaining truth himself if, at the beginning of the search, he had lied. This brought the robber-chief to repentance. A Hanbaliyy, he left behind several works two of which are well-known: Ghuniyya al-Talibeen and Futuh al-Ghayb. Many of his works are heavily interpolated. Because of his fame as a Sufi, the Ahl al-Bid`ah have attributed to this staunch anti-Ahl al-Bid`ah sayings and stories that he would loath to hear.