What does Islam say about the rights of the children?
Islam is a complete code of life and it gives the equal rights to every human being. As other human beings Islam gives the rights to children. There are many rights of the children and it’s the duty of the parents to fulfill these rights. The common rights are brought up, raised and educated. It is the duty of the parents to give suitable and sufficient financial and moral guidance. In Quran E Pak it is said that:-
“O those who have believed, save yourself and your families from a Fire whose fuel are men and stones, over which are angels harsh and severe, who disobey not Allah in what He commands them, and do what they are ordered”.
In reference with this verse it is the duty of the parents to give such moral values to their children that make them a perfect human and save them from the fire of the hell.
It is said by Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) that:-
Every one of you (people) is a shepherd. And every one is responsible for whatever falls under his responsibility. A man is like a shepherd of his own family, and he is responsible for them."
Parents are more trusted personalities because they never can think about to do wrong with their children. Because of this trust they are the responsible on the Day of Judgment. So it is the responsibility of the parents to teach ethical, moral and religious values to children.
In Quran E Hakeem it is said that:-
“And those who believed, and their offspring followed them in faith, We shall join their offspring with them; and We shall deprive not aught of their works. Every man is pledged for what he earned.”
At another place it is said by Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) that:-
"Upon death, man's deeds will (definitely) stop except for three deeds, namely: a continuous charitable fund, endowment or goodwill; knowledge left for people to benefit from; and pious righteous and God-fearing child who continuously prays Allah, the Almighty, for the soul of his parents."
It is the right of the children that they should be treated equally by their parents. Parents should not prefer one to another child. They must be treated equally and fairly. Parents should be careful in the matter of inheritance. It is narrated by Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA) that:-
“Allah's Apostle, PBUH, was approached by one of his companions, al-N'uman bin Basheer, who said: "O Prophet of Allah! I have granted a servant to one of my children (asking him to testify to that gift)." But Allah's PBUH asked him: "Did you grant the same to each and every child of yours?" When Allah's Apostle, PBUH was informed negatively about that, he said: "Fear Allah, the Almighty, and be fair and just to all your children. Seek the testimony of another person, other than me. I will not testify to an act of injustice."
It is narrated by Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar that Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) said that:-
“And your child has rights over you.”
May Allah give us the realization about our duties and give us power to fulfill these duties (Amen).